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The book examines the comparative models of power-sharing implemented in societies facing identity conflicts, with particular attention to post-conflict design. It analyses the success and pitfalls of international experience before proposing a model for Syria. Contributors address the central question: which power-sharing agreements that have contributed to the resolution of long-form armed conflicts provide Syria with a platform for dialogue, negotiation and conflict mitigation? The pre-cemented comparative analysis in this book draws lessons from countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Mali, Northern Ireland, the Philippines and Sudan. The prospect of a post-conflict distribution of power in Syria is then resolved from different sectarian, ethnic and regional perspectives. The authors also address the challenges of peace-building, such as violent extremism, male and female participation, resettlement, retaliatory measures, transitional justice, the integration of armed groups and regional and international support. “This book, which gathers evidence from international studies and the peculiarities of the Syrian case, makes an important contribution to understanding how Syria could break the painful deadlock and how governance could be put in place in the post-war system. The debates on the various conocialization discussions on multi-level power-sharing, local ceasefires and ceasefires are particularly useful; and the clash of paradigms between power-sharing and retaliatory justice. (Raymond Hinnebusch, Director, Centre for Syrian Studies, University of St Andrews, UK) “This excellent collection makes the current case where the Syrian nation-state – and therefore other Arab states “in disrepair” – can and should be rebuilt from the bottom up and not from top to bottom, strengthening the group of citizens and identity at the local and national levels that can and should be the key to this process. Decision-makers involved in the reconstruction of Arab states would be well advised to follow this informed advice. (Robert Springborg, Professor of National Security (Ret),), Naval Postgraduate School, USA and Non-Resident Fellow, Italian Institute of International Affairs) Based on a comparative analysis, you can assess in this course the impact of third-party intervention on civil war and peace processes in these case studies. It will familiarize you with the scientific and theoretical debate on the use of the power-sharing model as a means of ending civil war and regulating political violence in deeply divided societies.

This course of action introduces you to the theory of democracy by dealing with the regulation of ethnic conflicts in a series of deeply divided societies in Europe and the Middle East. Focusing on the national, cultural and religious divisions that led to the beginning of ethnic conflicts in the 20th century, she studies the intervention of third parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Lebanon and Northern Ireland.